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Around 77% of its population lives in European Russia, while the 23% lives in its Asian part.
was among the highest in Eastern, Southern and Central Europe.
The Russian Ministry of Economic Development expressed hope that by 2020 the population would stabilize at 138–139 million, and by 2025, to increase again to its present-day status of 143–145, also raising the life expectancy to 75 years.
In April 2011 the Russian Prime Minister (Russian president as of 2012) Vladimir Putin pledged to spend the 1.5 trillion rubles (£32.5 billion or billion) on various measures to boost Russia's declining birthrate by 30 per cent in the next four years. Russia recorded 1,896,263 births, the highest number since 1990, and even exceeding annual births during the period 1967–1969, with a TFR of 1.691, the highest since 1991. In fact, Russia, despite having only slightly more people than Japan, has recently had nearly twice as many births as that country.
Government measures to halt the demographic crisis was a key subject of Vladimir Putin's 2006 state of the nation address.Key reasons for the slow current population growth are improving health care, changing fertility patterns among younger women, falling emigration and steady influx of immigrants from ex-USSR countries. The number of Russians living in poverty has decreased by 50% since the economic crisis following the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and the improving economy had a positive impact on the country's low birth rate.The latter rose from its lowest point of 8.27 births per 1000 people in 1999 to 13. in 2014.the rising male death rate was a long-term trend from 1960 to 2005.
The only significant reversion of the trend was caused by Mikhail Gorbachev's anti-alcohol campaign, but its effect was only temporary.The demographics of Russia are the demographic features of the population of the Russian Federation including population growth, population density, ethnic composition, education level, health, economic status and other aspects.