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Two GOES satellites, placed in 36000 km above the equator, each view approximately one-third of the Earth.
One is situated at 75°W longitude and monitors North and South America and most of the Atlantic Ocean.
These satellites, in (830-870 km above the Earth), are part of the Advanced TIROS series (originally dating back to 1960) and provide complementary information to the geostationary meteorological satellites (such as GOES).
Two satellites, each providing global coverage, work together to ensure that data for any region of the Earth is no more than six hours old.
The GOES (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite) System is the follow-up to the ATS series.
They were designed by NASA for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to provide the United States National Weather Service with frequent, small-scale imaging of the Earth's surface and cloud cover.
The AVHRR sensor detects radiation in the visible, near and mid infrared, and thermal infrared portions of the electromagnetic spectrum, over a swath width of 3000 km.
The accompanying table, outlines the AVHRR bands, their wavelengths and spatial resolution (at swath nadir), and general applications of each.
Several other weather satellites were launched over the next five years, in near-polar orbits, providing repetitive coverage of global weather patterns. For the first time, the development and movement of weather systems could be routinely monitored.The imager data are 10-bit radiometric resolution, and can be transmitted directly to local user terminals on the Earth's surface.